Hirschia baltica ATCC 49814

Names Hirschia baltica ATCC 49814
Accession numbers NC_012982, NC_012983
Background Hirschia baltica is a yellow-pigmented, hyphal, budding bacteria. Strain IFAM 1418 (ATCC 49814) was isolated from the top 5cm of water in Kiel Fjord on the Baltic Sea, Germany in October 1982 and is the type strain for this species. It prefers brackish water and grows optimally between 22 and 29 degrees Celsius. Cells (without hyphae) are 0.5 to 1.0 by 0.5 to 6.0 um and are rod shaped, elliptical, or ovoid. The hyphae have a diameter of about 0.2 um. It can use a number of sugars, organic and amino acids as carbon sources including glucose, acetate, lactate, pyruvate, alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glutamine, isoleucine, proline, and gluconate. It cannot grow on lactose, xylose, raffinose, ribose, ethanol, glycerol, mannitol, methanol, methylammonium chloride, formamide, citrate, fumarate, malate, glycine, histidine, lysine, or valine among others. Nitrogen sources are ammonia, glutamic acid, nitrate, and urea, and it can produce ammonia from peptone (adapted from PMID 2275859). (EBI Integr8)
Strain ATCC 49814
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (14-JUL-2009) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B310, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(17-JUL-2009) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method 454-GS-FLX
Isolation site brackish water
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 2
Gram staining properties NA
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Aquatic
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Chemoheterotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No