Sulfurihydrogenibium azorense Az-Fu1

Names Sulfurihydrogenibium azorense Az-Fu1
Accession numbers NC_012438
Background Sulfurihydrogenibium azorense (strain Az-Fu1 / DSM 15241 / OCM 825) is an hydrogen-oxidizing, thermophilic, strictly chemolithoautotrophic, microaerophilic Gram-negative bacterium isolated from terrestrial hot springs at Furnas, Sao Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal. It is the first terrestrial representative of the Aquificales. The temperature growth range is from 50 to 73 degrees Celsius with optimal growth at 68 degrees Celsius. It grows fastest in 0.1% (w/v) NaCl and at pH 6, although growth is observed from pH 5.5 to 7.0. S. azorense can use elemental sulfur, sulfite, thiosulfate, ferrous iron or hydrogen as electron donors, and oxygen as electron acceptor. It grows best in the presence of sulfur compounds. It is also able to grow anaerobically, with elemental sulfur, arsenate and ferric iron as electron acceptors. (Adaptated from PMID: 14742456). (EBI Integr8)
Strain Az-Fu1
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (13-NOV-2008) The Institute for Genomic Research, 9712 Medical Center Dr, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
(25-MAR-2009) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger, 454-GS20
Isolation site Terrestrial hot spring from Furnas, Azores Portugal
Isolation country Azores
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Microaerophilic
Optimal temperature 68.0
Temperature range Thermophilic
Habitat Aquatic
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Filaments, Pairs, Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism Sulfur oxidizer
Energy source Heterotroph
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No