Macrococcus caseolyticus JCSC5402

Names Macrococcus caseolyticus JCSC5402
Accession numbers NC_011995, NC_011996, NC_011997, NC_011998, NC_011999, NC_012000, NC_012001, NC_012002, NC_012003
Background Macrococcus caseolyticus (strain JCSC5402) is a large gram positive coccus isolated from animal meat in a supermarket. It is related to the Staphylococcus. It possesses a small chromosome (2.1 MB) and 8 plasmids, and lacks many sugar and amino acid metabolism pathways and a plethora of virulence genes that are present in S. aureus. M. caseolyticus possesses a series of oxidative phosphorylation machineries that are closely related to those in the family Bacillaceae. It has also a probable primordial form of a Macrococcus methicillin resistance gene complex, mecIRAm, on one of its eight. This is the first finding of a plasmid-encoding methicillin resistance gene. M. caseolyticus is considered to reflect the genome of ancestral bacteria before the speciation of staphylococcal species and may be closely associated with the origin of the methicillin resistance gene complex of the notorious human pathogen methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Unlike staphylococcal species, M. caseolyticus do not cause human or animal diseases. (Adaptated from PMID: 19435847). (EBI Integr8)
Strain JCSC5402
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (26-JUL-2007) Contact:Tadashi Baba Juntendo University School of Medicine, Department of Bacteriology
(29-JAN-2009) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
2-1-1 Hongo,
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger
Isolation site animal meat in a supermarket
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 9
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Cocci
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature 35.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Clusters, Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No