Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans 2CP-1

Names Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans 2CP-1
Accession numbers NC_011891
Background Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans (strain 2CP-1) is a slender Gram-negative rod-shaped spore-forming soil bacterium. It is capable of a gliding motility and it forms a spore-like structure. It was first isolated by anaerobic enrichment from a Michigan soil sample on 2-chlorophenol and acetate followed by growth of single plate-grown colonies. It is the first Myxobacterium that is found capable of anaerobic respiration, wherein it is able to grow by coupling the oxidation of both acetate or hydrogen, which is a distinguishing property of the organism from other reducing populations, to the reduction of ortho-substituted halophenols, ferric iron, nitrate, nitrite, nitrous oxide, manganese oxide, uranium (VI) and fumarate. Of interest is its unique respiratory reduction of nitrate and nitrite to ammonia which is not linked to its ability to reduce nitrous oxide to nitrogen gas. These metal-reducing microorganisms are widely distributed in the environment. Anaeromyxobacter strains have been found in undisturbed and contaminated soils and sediments, and evidence shows they also exist in acidic subsurface sediments and agricultural soils. A. dehalogenans is an important model organism that exists as both as a productive dechlorinator and metal reducer. By studying the potential interferences between the competing substrates in contaminated environments we can further understand bioremediation efforts. (adapted from PubMed 11823233 and (EBI Integr8)
Strain 2CP-1
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (07-JAN-2009) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B310, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(12-JAN-2009) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Stream sediment near Lansing, Michigan
Isolation country USA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Terrestrial
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Sporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Heterotroph
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No