Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. 'Miyazaki F'

Names Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. 'Miyazaki F'
Accession numbers NC_011769
Background Desulfovibrio vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (strain DP4) is an anaerobic bacterium phylogenetically associated with the delta subdivision of the Proteobacteria. Desulfovibrio vulgaris is a sulfate reducer commonly found in a variety of soil and aquatic environments. It respires by electron transfer using the heme group in c-type cytochromes, and can corrode metal by cathodic depolarization using the same process. Its preferred carbon substrates are lactate and pyruvate. The ability of this species to reduce Uranium (VI)ox to Uranium (IV)red makes it a good candidate for bioremediation of sites with uranium-contaminated groundwater. Metal corrosion, a problem that is partly the result of the collective activity of these bacteria, produces billions of dollars of losses each year to the petroleum industry. These organisms are also responsible for the production of poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas in marine sediments and in terrestrial environments such as drilling sites for petroleum products. (EBI Integr8)
Strain 'Miyazaki F'
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (15-OCT-2008) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(24-DEC-2008) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Clay soil near Hildenborough in UK in 1946
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism Pollutant degrader
Sulfate reducer
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No