Thauera sp. MZ1T

Names Thauera sp. MZ1T
Accession numbers NC_011662, NC_011667
Background Thauera sp. (strain MZ1T) forms zoogloeal clusters, in which a number of bacteria are encapsulated in a gelatinous, mucopolysaccharide matrix. It was isolated from an industrial wastewater treatment system of Eastman Chemical Company in Tennessee USA. It was identified as a significant component of clusters that resulted in poor sludge dewaterability and in pure culture, produces copious quantities of EPS from relatively simple short chain fatty acids. This is EPS is thought to be involved in viscous bulking, which is characterized by an overabundance of slime producing organisms in the sludge flocs. Viscous bulking results in poor compaction and settling of biomass in the clarifying basin, increased effluent biological oxygen demand, and increased water retention in the waste biosludge. Treatment often requires the addition of synthetic polymer and increased costs associated with dewatering, incineration or disposal (adapted from PMID 15250880). (EBI Integr8)
Strain MZ1T
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (10-DEC-2008) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(14-MAY-2009) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(14-MAY-2009) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method 454-GS-FLX-Titanium
Isolation site Wastewater treatment plant
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 2
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence NA
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Aquatic
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source Chemolithoautotroph
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No