Cellvibrio japonicus Ueda107

Names Cellvibrio japonicus Ueda107
Accession numbers NC_010995
Background Cellvibrio japonicus (Strain Ueda107) is an aerobic Gram-negative saprophytic soil bacterium that was isolated from Japanese soil in 1952 and named Pseudomonas fluorescens subsp. cellulosa. Recent studies however demonstrated that C. japonicus is not a member of the genus Pseudomonas but is closely related to Cellvibrio mixtus, and hence the bacterium was renamed. C. japonicus represents an excellent system for studying the mechanism of plant cell wall degradation in a Gram-negative, non-cellulosomic saprophyte. It contains the complete repertoire of enzymes (glycoside hydrolases, lyases and esterases) required to degrade plant cell-wall and storage polysaccharides. It degrades all of the major plant cell wall polysaccharides including crystalline cellulose, mannan and xylan and is able to grow on media when these polysaccharides are the sole carbon and energy source. Unlike anaerobic plant cell wall degrading organisms, the C. japonicus enzymes that target polysaccharides, which are integral to the plant cell wall, are fully secreted into the culture media and do not assembly into large multienzyme cellulosome-like complexes. Approximately one third of these putative proteins are predicted to contain often multiple non-catalytic carbohydrate binding modules (CBMs). It increases catalytic activity by reducing the substrate accessibility problem. The variation in the portfolio of CBMs appended to these hydrolytic enzymes may impact upon the carbohydrate targeting of these biocatalysts and thus influence their substrate specificity. All the predicted plant cell-wall degrading enzymes contain signal peptides and are thus extra-cytoplasmic. The genome sequence of C. japonicus reveals a remarkable similarity between the plant cell-wall degrading apparatus of C. japonicus and that of the marine bacterium Saccharophagus degradans. Plant cell-wall degrading enzymes are widely used in the biotechnology sector for the production of detergents, paper, textiles, animal and human foods, however, the most important application of these biocatalysts is in the production of renewable biofuels. Therefore, the discovery of new and more efficient plant cell-wall degrading enzymes can potentially have numerous and important biotechnology applications. (EBI Integr8)
Strain Ueda107
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (23-JUN-2008) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(24-JAN-2008) J. Craig Venter Institute, 9712 Medical Center Dr, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Field soil in Japan
Isolation country Japan
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Terrestrial
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation NA
Metabolism Biomass degrader
Cellulose degrader
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No