Methylobacterium populi BJ001

Names Methylobacterium populi BJ001
Accession numbers NC_010721, NC_010725, NC_010727
Background Methylobacterium populi (strain ATCC BAA-705 / NCIMB 13946 / BJ001) is a pink-pigmented, aerobic, facultatively methylotrophic Gram-negative bacterium isolated from internal poplar tissues (Populus deltoides x nigra DN34). The pink color is due to the presence of carotenoids. The cells are asporogenous rods (singly, in pairs or in rosettes) and motile by one single polar or lateral flagellum. Methylobacterium populi can be separated from other members of the genus Methylobacterium. It is the only member of the genus Methylobacterium to be described as an endophyte of poplar trees, and differs from others Methylobacterium species in its carbon-source utilization pattern, particularly its use of methane as the sole source of carbon and energy. It also grows on C1 substrates, such as methanol, methylamine, formate and formaldehyde, and is able to mineralize the toxic explosives hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and octahydro-1,3,5,7-tertanitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX) to CO2. According to their widespread distribution in a diversity of environments, Methylobacterium species may be suited for natural attenuation or in situ bioremediation of polluted sites and may play an important ecological role by consuming methane, the greenhouse effect. (EBI Integr8)
Strain BJ001
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (03-APR-2008) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(20-MAY-2008) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site poplar plantlets and from tissue cultures (Populus deltoidesxnigra DN34) that were developed initially from surface-sterilized explants and maintained under axenic conditions
Isolation country USA
Number of replicons 3
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature 20.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Populus
Cell arrangement Pairs, Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Methylotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No