Borrelia hermsii DAH

Names Borrelia hermsii DAH
Accession numbers NC_010673
Background Relapsing fever (RF) is a disease caused by several spirochetes of the genus Borrelia. Relapsing fever borrelioses are characterized by recurrent febrile episodes and spirochetemia. There are 2 forms; louse-borne relapsing fever (also known as urban or epidemic RF) is caused by Borrelia recurrentis, and is transmitted by the body louse Pediculus humanus humanus. It currently known in Ethiopia. Endemic tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) is a zoonotic disease transmitted worldwide by softbody ticks of the genus Ornithodoros. It is caused by at least 15 distinct Borrelia species throughout the world, including Borrelia hermsii and Borrelia turicatae, carried by the ticks Ornithodoros hermsii and O.turicatae respectively (modified from PubMed 16965346). B.hermsii lives in chipmunks and tree squirrels in high-altitude forests of California, Arizona, Nevada, Colorado, Oregon, Idaho, Washington, and British Columbia. B.hermsii evades the mammalian immune system by periodically switching expression among members of two multigene families that encode immunogenic, antigenically distinct outer surface proteins (modified from PubMed 9453591). (HAMAP: BORHD)
Strain DAH
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (03-DEC-2004) Laboratory of Human Bacterial Pathenogenesis, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institutes of
(08-MAY-2008) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Spirilla
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Homo sapiens
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases Tick-borne relapsing fever
Pathogenicity Yes