Burkholderia phymatum STM815

Names Burkholderia phymatum STM815
Accession numbers NC_010622, NC_010623, NC_010625, NC_010627
Background It has only recently been discovered that in addition to alphaproteobacteria some betaproteobacteria are also able to nodulate legumes and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Burkholderia phymatum STM815 was isolated from a root nodule of Machaerium lunatum in French Guiana. Although it was isolated from M.lunatum it nodulates Mimosa spp., much more effectively, and has a broader host range than another known Mimosa symbiont Cupriavidus taiwanensis LMG19424 (CUPTR). Additionally B.phymatum strain STM815 is diazotrophic in culture, and thus is the first betaproteobacteria confirmed to fix nitrogen when free-living. (EBI Integr8)
Strain STM815
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (11-APR-2008) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(24-APR-2008) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger
Isolation site Root nodule of Machaerium lunatum in French Guiana
Isolation country French Guiana
Number of replicons 4
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Machaerium lunatum
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism Nitrogen fixation
Energy source NA
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
Pentose phosphate pathway
Fructose and mannose metabolism
Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
Fatty acid biosynthesis
Fatty acid metabolism
Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
Purine metabolism
Pyrimidine metabolism
Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
Cysteine and methionine metabolism
Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
Lysine biosynthesis
Arginine and proline metabolism
Histidine metabolism
Phenylalanine metabolism
Benzoate degradation
Fluorobenzoate degradation
Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
Selenocompound metabolism
Cyanoamino acid metabolism
D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
D-Alanine metabolism
Glutathione metabolism
Starch and sucrose metabolism
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
Streptomycin biosynthesis
Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
Pyruvate metabolism
Toluene degradation
Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
Nitrotoluene degradation
Propanoate metabolism
Styrene degradation
Butanoate metabolism
C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
One carbon pool by folate
Methane metabolism
Thiamine metabolism
Riboflavin metabolism
Vitamin B6 metabolism
Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
Biotin metabolism
Lipoic acid metabolism
Folate biosynthesis
Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
Nitrogen metabolism
Sulfur metabolism
Caprolactam degradation
Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis