Lactobacillus fermentum IFO 3956

Names Lactobacillus fermentum IFO 3956
Accession numbers NC_010610
Background Lactobacilli are normal inhabitants of the gastrointestinal tract of man and animals where they are widely considered to exert a number of beneficial roles including immunomodulation, interference with enteric pathogens, and maintenance of a healthy intestinal microflora. Historically, probiotic roles have been ascribed primarily to Lactobacillus acidophilus. The genus Lactobacillus presently comprises more than 50 recognized species of non pathogenic bacteria which in addition to their probiotic effects are useful to human as indispensable agents for the fermentation of foods and feed. L.fermentum IFO 3956, isolated from fermented plant material, is an obligate heterofermentative organism, producing CO2, ethanol, acetate, and lactate from metabolism of glucose. To do so it probably uses the pentose phosphate pathway. Unlike the closely related Lactobacillus reuteri JCM 1112, it does not make cobalamin or the antimicrobial compound reuterin (adapted from PubMed 18487258). (EBI Integr8)
Strain IFO 3956
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (16-MAR-2005) Contact:Masahira Hattori University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences
(17-MAR-2008) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
5-1-5 Kashiwanoha,
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger
Isolation site fermented plant material in Japan
Isolation country Japan
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Homo sapiens
Cell arrangement Chains
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No