Cupriavidus taiwanensis LMG 19424

Names Cupriavidus taiwanensis LMG 19424
Accession numbers NC_010528, NC_010529, NC_010530
Background Cupriavidus taiwanensis LMG19424 (originally called Ralstonia taiwanensis or Wautersia taiwanensis), a betaproteobacteria of the rhizobia group, was isolated from a nodule from the legume species Mimosa pudica in Taiwan. The genome of strain LMG19424 is comprised of three replicons, 2 chromosomes of 3.5 Mb, and 2.4 Mb, and a symbiotic plasmid of 0.5 Mb which carries the genes that are essential for nodulation and nitrogen fixation (not sequenced in this project). C.taiwanensis is motile by means of peritrichous flagella and grows aerobically at 28 to 37 degrees C. It is catalase- and oxidase-positive, reduces nitrate, hydrolyzes aesculin, and is susceptible to colistin. It has only recently been discovered that in addition to alphaproteobacteria some betaproteobacteria are also able to nodulate legumes and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Thus it is only distantly related to most known nodulating/nitrogen fixing bacteria and will be interesting to study for its differences from them (adapted from PubMed 11594603 and (EBI Integr8)
Strain LMG 19424
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (04-FEB-2005) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(07-JAN-2008) Genoscope - Centre National de Sequencage : BP 191 91006 EVRY cedex - FRANCE (E-mail :
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Root nodule of the legume Mimosa pudica in Ping-Tung Taiwan, China
Isolation country China
Number of replicons 3
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Symbiotic
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism Nitrogen fixation
Energy source Heterotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
Pentose phosphate pathway
Fatty acid metabolism
Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
Purine metabolism
Pyrimidine metabolism
Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
Cysteine and methionine metabolism
Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
Lysine biosynthesis
Arginine and proline metabolism
Histidine metabolism
Phenylalanine metabolism
Benzoate degradation
Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
beta-Alanine metabolism
Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
Selenocompound metabolism
D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
D-Arginine and D-ornithine metabolism
D-Alanine metabolism
Glutathione metabolism
Streptomycin biosynthesis
Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
Pyruvate metabolism
Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
Nitrotoluene degradation
Propanoate metabolism
Styrene degradation
Butanoate metabolism
C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
One carbon pool by folate
Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
Thiamine metabolism
Riboflavin metabolism
Vitamin B6 metabolism
Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
Biotin metabolism
Lipoic acid metabolism
Folate biosynthesis
Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
Nitrogen metabolism
Sulfur metabolism
Caprolactam degradation
Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis