Bacillus weihenstephanensis KBAB4

Names Bacillus weihenstephanensis KBAB4
Accession numbers NC_010180, NC_010181, NC_010182, NC_010183, NC_010184
Background Bacillus weihenstephanensis is a non-pathogenic, Gram-positive, typical facultative psychrophile generally found in soil. Phylogenic studies show that in nature it is the most active group in terms of gene exchange. Strain KBAB4 was isolated from a forest near Versailles, France. B.weihenstephanensisis unusual for a Bacillus in having 4 plasmids encoding about 240 kb of extra-chromosomal genetic material that may account for this gene exchange phenomenon. It may also include unintegrated phage. Genes coding an Nhe-like toxin were found on the largest plasmid in KBAB4. This may indicate a potential mechanism of toxicity spread from the psychrophile strain community into other Bacillus members (adapted from PubMed 17434157). (EBI Integr8)
Strain KBAB4
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (03-DEC-2007) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(24-SEP-2004) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 5
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence NA
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Terrestrial
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Sporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases Food poisoning
Pathogenicity No