Methylobacterium extorquens PA1

Names Methylobacterium extorquens PA1
Accession numbers NC_010172
Background Methylobacterium extorquens (strain PA1) is a facultative aerobic Gram-negative bacterium commonly found in the environment, especially associated with plants which produce methanol when metabolizing pectin during cell wall synthesis. Methylobacterium extorquens PA1 can colonize plants more effectively than the common laboratory strain AM1. This organism is capable of growth on one-carbon compounds such as methanol. Methanol is oxidized to formaldehyde which is then used metabolically to generate either energy or biomass. At least 25 genes are required for this complex process of converting methanol to formaldehyde and this specialized metabolic pathway is of great interest. (EBI Integr8)
Strain PA1
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (05-DEC-2007) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(21-DEC-2007) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature 25.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Pairs, Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Methylotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No