Acaryochloris marina MBIC11017

Names Acaryochloris marina MBIC11017
Accession numbers NC_009925, NC_009926, NC_009927, NC_009928, NC_009929, NC_009930, NC_009931, NC_009932, NC_009933, NC_009934
Background Cyanobacteria are oxygenic, phototrophic organisms. They encode two photosystems (PSI and PSII) releasing electrons from water and fix carbon dioxide via the Calvin-Benson-Bassham pathway. Thus they absorb large quantities of C(O)2 and produce (O)2. Some cyanobacteria are also able to fix (N)2.This cyanobacterium was first collected from a colonial ascidian from the Palau Islands; it has since been collected as a free-living organism in Japan and the USA. It is unusual in containing chlorophyll d as the major (95%) and chlorophyll a as the minor (5%) photosynthetic pigments with phycocyanin and trace amounts of chlorophyll c. Oxygenic photosynthesis based on chlorophyll d may have evolved as an acclimatization to far-red light environments, or an as intermediate between the red-absorbing oxygenic and the far-red-absorbing anoxygenic photosynthesis that uses bacteriochlorophylls. Because of the unusual ratio of chlorophyll a to chlorophyll d in this organism, it has been used as a model to study the spectrographic characteristics of the two pigments. (HAMAP: ACAM1)
Strain MBIC 11017
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (17-OCT-2007) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(27-AUG-2007) Pharmaceutical Genomics Division, Translational Genomics Research Institute, 13208 E Shea Blvd,
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger, 454-GS20
Isolation site Prochloron-dominated colonial ascidian Lissoclinum patella off the tropical coast of the Palau islands
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 10
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Cocci
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Aquatic
Biotic relationship Symbiotic
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source Photosynthetic
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No