Alkaliphilus oremlandii OhILAs

Names Alkaliphilus oremlandii OhILAs
Accession numbers NC_009922
Background Alkaliphilus oremlandii (strain OhILAs) is a versatile strict anaerobic, spore-forming, mesophillic Gram-positive bacterium phylogenetically associated with the Firmicutes. Clostridium sp. OhILAs has been renamed to Alkaliphilus oremlandii OhILAs. A. oremlandii was isolated from sediments of the Ohio River (Pittsburgh, PA). This bacterium can ferment glycerol, fructose, and lactate, as well as respire arsenate and thiosulfate. It is one of four organisms that are being sequenced by the JGI as part of the "Arsenic Genome Project" to further elucidate the microbial transformation of arsenic. Although it grows optimally at pH 8.4, 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated it is an Alkaliphilus species. Alkaliphilus oremlandii OhILAs is unique in that it can tolerate high arsenate concentrations (>40 mM) and readily degrades the organoarsenical 3-nitro-4-hydroxy benzene arsonic acid (roxarsone) within 48 hours. Thus it has great potential for use in the remediation of organoarsenicals in poultry waste and a model organism to investigate the process. (PMID: 17328188). (EBI Integr8)
Strain OhILAs
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (09-OCT-2007) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(16-OCT-2007) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger, 454
Isolation site Anoxic sediments from the Ohio River, Pennsylvania
Isolation country USA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Aquatic
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Sporulating
Metabolism Nitrogen fixation
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No