Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. Hildenborough

Names Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. Hildenborough
Accession numbers NC_002937, NC_005863
Background Desulfovibrio vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (strain DP4) is an anaerobic bacterium phylogenetically associated with the delta subdivision of the Proteobacteria. Desulfovibrio vulgaris is a sulfate reducer commonly found in a variety of soil and aquatic environments. It respires by electron transfer using the heme group in c-type cytochromes, and can corrode metal by cathodic depolarization using the same process. Its preferred carbon substrates are lactate and pyruvate. The ability of this species to reduce Uranium (VI)ox to Uranium (IV)red makes it a good candidate for bioremediation of sites with uranium-contaminated groundwater. Metal corrosion, a problem that is partly the result of the collective activity of these bacteria, produces billions of dollars of losses each year to the petroleum industry. These organisms are also responsible for the production of poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas in marine sediments and in terrestrial environments such as drilling sites for petroleum products. (EBI Integr8)
Strain Hildenborough
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (15-MAR-2004) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(18-MAR-2004) The Institute for Genomic Research, 9712 Medical Center Dr, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Clay soil near Hildenborough in UK in 1946
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 2
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature 25.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism Pollutant degrader
Sulfate reducer
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No