Dehalococcoides ethenogenes 195

Names Dehalococcoides ethenogenes 195
Accession numbers NC_002936
Background Dehalococcoides species are strictly aerobic bacteria that catabolize several of the most toxic and persistent chlorinated aromatics and aliphatics by reductive dechlorination and are used for in situ bioremediation of contaminated sites. D.ethenogenes is able to reductively dechlorinate tetrachloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethene (TCE) to ethene. TCE and PCE are used as industrial cleaners and because of their disposal after use are amongst the most pervasive organic groundwater pollutants. Strain 195 was derived from an anaerobic sewage digestor. Its genome contains 17 genes coding for putative reductive dehalogenases. It was reported that strain 195 did not react with a peptidoglycan-specific lectin and that its ultrastructure resembled S-layer from Archaea (Maymo-Gatell et al., 1997). (HAMAP: DEHE1)
Strain 195
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (08-APR-2002) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(19-OCT-2004) The Institute for Genomic Research, 9712 Medical Center Dr, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Cocci
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature 35.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism Dechlorinates Tetrachloroethene
Energy source Chemolithotroph
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No