Thermosipho melanesiensis BI429

Names Thermosipho melanesiensis BI429
Accession numbers NC_009616
Background Thermosipho melanesiensis (strain BI429 / DSM 12029) is a Gram-negative, thermophilic, anaerobic rod-shaped bacterium. It occurs generally singly or in pair. It possesses an outer sheath-like structure characteristic of the order Thermotogales. It grows between 45 and 89 Celsius degrees with an optimum at 70 degrees. Its optimal pH is 6.5 and optimal salinity is 30 grams of NaCl per liter. The type strain BI429 / DSM 12029 was isolated from the gills of a deep-sea vent hydrothermal mussel, Bathymodiolus brevior from the Lau Basin in the Southwestern Pacific Ocean. As its minimal growth temperature is 45 degrees, it was dormant in the gills of B. brevior. (EBI Integr8)
Strain BI429
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (25-MAY-2007) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(29-JUN-2007) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger, 454
Isolation site "Gills of the deep-sea vent hydrothermal mussel Bathymodiolus brevior from the Lau Basin at Southwestern Pacific Ocean, between 1832 and 1887 metres (latitude, 22o329S; longitude, 176o439W)"
Isolation country Pacific Ocean
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature 70.0
Temperature range Thermophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Bathymodiolus brevior
Cell arrangement Chains, Pairs, Singles
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No