Corynebacterium glutamicum R

Names Corynebacterium glutamicum R
Accession numbers NC_009342, NC_009343
Background Coryneform bacteria are rod-shaped, fast growing, non-sporulating Gram-positive bacteria that enjoy widespread distribution. One of the non-pathogenic species of coryneform bacteria, Corynebacterium glutamicum, was discovered in the 1950s in Japan as natural producer of glutamic acid. It is now produced by direct fermentation used for industrial production of amino acids which are used as flavour enhancers in food.Corynebacterium glutamicum is of high industrial interest as a research object because it is used by the chemical industry for the biotechnological production of the amino acid lysine. The substance is employed as a source of protein in animal nutrition. Lysine is one of the essential amino acids in animal nutrition. Biotechnologically produced lysine is added to feed concentrates as a source of protein, and is an alternative to soybeans or meat and bonemeal. In 2000, more than 450,000 metric tons of lysine were sold worldwide, representing a value of about 660 million Euros. (From (BacMap)
Strain R
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (10-AUG-2005) Masayuki Inui, Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE), Microbiology research
(17-APR-2007) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger
Isolation site Meadow soil in Japan
Isolation country Japan
Number of replicons 2
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature 30.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Singles, V-shaped forms
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Chemoorganotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No