Shewanella baltica OS155

Names Shewanella baltica OS155
Accession numbers NC_009035, NC_009036, NC_009037, NC_009038, NC_009052
Background Shewanella are facultatively anaerobic, Gram-negative bacteria, motile by polar flagella, rod-like, and generally associated with aquatic or marine environments. They are capable of using a variety of compounds as electron acceptors, including oxygen, iron, manganese, uranium, nitrate, nitrite, fumarate, to name but a few. This ability makes Shewanella important for bioremediation of contaminated metals and radioactive wastes. The genus Shewanella comprises 36 recognized and hundreds of uncharacterized cultivable species. Shewanella baltica, isolated from the Baltic Sea, is able to grow at 4 degrees C but not 37, unlike other Shewanella species. Under anaerobic conditions, oxidation of organic matter can be coupled to the reduction of nitrate, Fe(III) and sulfur compounds. OS155 is unable to produce an FeS precipitate on TSI agar medium, whereas OS195 can do so. OS155 does not produce N-acetyl-b-glucosaminidase, or chymotrypsin. It can use gentiobiose, cellobiose, sucrose, d-gluconate and citrate but not glycogen, malate or dextrin as sole sources of carbon and energy. OS195 can also use these latter three substrates (based on PubMed 9542087). (HAMAP: SHEB5)
Strain OS155
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (12-FEB-2007) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(26-FEB-2007) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger
Isolation site "Sea-water; oxic zone; 2 ml per litre of oxygen, 90m depth from Baltic Sea"
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 5
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Aquatic
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Pairs, Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Heterotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No