Clostridium thermocellum ATCC 27405

Names Clostridium thermocellum ATCC 27405
Accession numbers NC_009012
Background Clostridium thermocellum is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, thermophilic plant cell wall degrading bacterium capable of converting cellulosic substrates into ethanol. Degradation of cellulose occurs extracellularly in a large complex called the cellulosome. This nanomachine contains about 20 catalytic components, and can attach to the surface of the host organism. The complex is built on a "scaffoldin" subunit onto which the catalytic subunits are added through interactions of the "cohesion" domains of the enzymes with the "dockerin" domains on the scaffold. The C.thermocellum cellulosome is the best-characterized cellulase complex and thus serves as a paradigm. Continuing research on the cellulosome and its producer will provide crucial information for better understanding the cellulolytic reaction, a key process in biomass conversion (adapted from LQ8 was isolated by Viljoen 1926. (EBI Integr8)
Strain ATCC 27405
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (08-FEB-2007) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(08-SEP-1999) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence NA
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature 60.0
Temperature range Thermophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Chains, Pairs, Singles
Sporulation Sporulating
Metabolism Cellulose degrader
Energy source Chemoorganotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No