Acidovorax sp. JS42

Names Acidovorax sp. JS42
Accession numbers NC_008765, NC_008766, NC_008782
Background Acidovorax sp. is an aerobic mesophillic Gram-negative bacterium phylogenetically associated with the beta subdivision of the Proteobacteria. It is formerly known as Pseudomonas sp. JS42. This nitroaromatic compound-degrader organism was isolated from nitrobenzene-contaminated sediment and is capable of using 2-nitrotolulene as a sole carbon and energy source. 2-nitrotolulene, a nitroaromatic compound, is used in the manufacture of dyes, pigments and explosives. Nitroaromatic compounds, which contain an aromatic ring with one or more nitro groups attached, are a significant contaminant in industrial soils. Acidovorax sp. JS42 degrades 2-nitrotolulene by first removing the nitro moiety producing 3-methylcatechol. The enzyme involved in this process, 2-nitrotolulene dioxygenase, has been purified and characterized. The genome sequence of this organism will provide information about the gene content of a free-living species with a catabolic capacity relevant to bioremediation of nitroaromatic-contaminated soils. (EBI Integr8)
Strain JS42
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (10-JAN-2007) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(21-DEC-2006) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger
Isolation site Nitrobenzene-contaminated sediment
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 3
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Terrestrial
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No