Borrelia turicatae 91E135

Names Borrelia turicatae 91E135
Accession numbers NC_008710
Background Relapsing fever (RF) is a disease caused by several spirochetes of the genus Borrelia. Relapsing fever borrelioses are characterized by recurrent febrile episodes and spirochetemia. There are 2 forms; louse-borne relapsing fever (also known as urban or epidemic RF) is caused by Borrelia recurrentis, and is transmitted by the body louse Pediculus humanus humanus. It currently known in Ethiopia. Endemic tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) is a zoonotic disease transmitted worldwide by softbody ticks of the genus Ornithodoros. It is caused by at least 15 distinct Borrelia species throughout the world, including Borrelia hermsii and Borrelia turicatae, carried by the ticks Ornithodoros hermsii and O.turicatae respectively (modified from PubMed 16965346). B.turicatae is pathogenic in dogs and is found in Florida, Texas and Kansas. Strain 91E135 was isolated in 1991 in Texas. Like B.hermsii, B.turicatae evades the mammalian immune system by periodically switching expression among members of two multigene families that encode immunogenic, antigenically distinct outer surface proteins (modified from 16081922). (EBI Integr8)
Strain 91E135
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (03-DEC-2004) Laboratory of Human Bacterial Pathenogenesis, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institutes of
(25-JUL-2008) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Soft tick Ornithodoros turicatae in USA
Isolation country USA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Spirilla
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship NA
Host name Homo sapiens, Ornithodoros turicatae
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases Tick-borne relapsing fever
Pathogenicity Probable