Myxococcus xanthus DK 1622

Names Myxococcus xanthus DK 1622
Accession numbers NC_008095
Background Myxococcus xanthus is a Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium. Under starvation conditions, it undergoes a developmental process in which roughly 100,000 individual cells aggregate to form a structure called the fruiting body. Inside this structure, rod-shaped cells differentiate into spherical, thick-walled spores. Biochemical changes, such as the synthesis of new proteins and alterations in the cell wall, occur in parallel to the morphological changes. During the aggregation of M.xanthus cells into fruiting bodies, dense ridges of cells appear to move in traveling waves called ripples. Coordinated cell motility, or swarming, also occurs during vegetative growth, facilitating predatory feeding by increasing the extracellular concentration of digestive enzymes secreted by the bacteria. M.xanthus moves across surfaces by means of a poorly understood mechanism known as gliding motility. (EBI Integr8)
Strain DK 1622
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (09-JUN-2006) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(29-AUG-2005) The Institute for Genomic Research, 9712 Medical Center Dr, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature 20.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Terrestrial
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation Sporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Chemoorganotroph
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No