Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans 2CP-C

Names Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans 2CP-C
Accession numbers NC_007760
Background The delta-Proteobacterium Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans utilizes halogenated compounds, such as 2-chlorophenol, 2,6-dichlorophenol, 2,5-dichlorophenol, and 2-bromophenol, as growth-supporting electron acceptors (halorespiration). Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans exhibits metabolic versatility, and grows under a variety of redox conditions. Oxidized metal species such as U(VI) and Fe(III) (including ferric oxyhydroxide), anthraquinone disulfonate (AQDS), halogenated phenols, oxygen, nitrate, nitrite, and fumarate are used in terminal electron accepting processes (TEAPs). Also, Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans demonstrates great electron donor versatility, and couples electron acceptor reduction to the oxidation of a variety of compounds including formate, hydrogen, acetate, succinate, pyruvate, and glucose. A. dehalogenans tolerates high concentrations of reduced products such as phenol or ammonium and has been found to be the predominant metal reducing populations at uranium-contaminated sites that are characterized by changing redox conditions and low pH. A feature that distinguishes A. dehalogenans from other reductively dechlorinating and metal-reducing populations is this organism's ability to both use acetate and hydrogen as a source of reducing equivalents. Sequencing its genome will provide relevant information regarding reductive dehalogenase genes and the organization of reductive dehalogenase operons. Such information is critical for the design of nucleic acid-based tools to detect, monitor and quantify functional genes involved in reductive dechlorination processes at contaminated sites. (EBI Integr8)
Strain 2CP-C
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (09-MAY-2006) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(24-JAN-2006) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B100, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger
Isolation site tropical soil, Cameroon, 1995
Isolation country Cameroon
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature 30.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Terrestrial
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Sporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Heterotroph
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No