Thiobacillus denitrificans ATCC 25259

Names Thiobacillus denitrificans ATCC 25259
Accession numbers NC_007404
Background Thiobacillus denitrificans is an obligate chemolithoautotrophic, facultative anaerobe bacterium. It is best known for its ability to couple the oxidation of inorganic sulfur compounds (such as hydrogen sulfide and thiosulfate) to denitrification. It is a natural agent for intrisic bioremediation of groundwater polluted with nitrate. In addition, it has been used in engineered water treatment systems for nitrate removal. Its ability to carry out nitrate-dependent Fe(II) oxidation under anaerobic conditions could influence metal and radionuclide transport in the subsurface, as ferric iron-containing minerals that may be formed, especially iron(III) oxides, are well-known for their ability to adsorb heavy metals and radionuclides, such as uranium. (EBI Integr8)
Strain ATCC 25259
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (09-SEP-2005) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(27-JUL-2005) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Soil from Texas USA
Isolation country USA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature 28.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism Carbon fixation
Iron oxidizer
Sulfur oxidizer
Energy source Chemolithotroph, Lithotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No