Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM

Names Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM
Accession numbers NC_006814
Background Lactobacilli are normal inhabitants of the gastrointestinal tract of man and animals where they are widely considered to exert a number of beneficial roles including immunomodulation, interference with enteric pathogens, and maintenance of a healthy intestinal microflora. Historically, probiotic roles have been ascribed primarily to Lactobacillus acidophilus. The genus Lactobacillus presently comprises more than 50 recognized species of non pathogenic bacteria which in addition to their probiotic effects are useful to human as indispensable agents for the fermentation of foods and feed.Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM / NCK56 / N2 is a probiotic strain found in conventional foods like milk, yogurt and dietary supplements. It is commercially available in the United States since the mid-1970s. It has the ability to survive passage through the gastrointestinal tract. (HAMAP: LACAC)
Strain NCFM
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (15-OCT-2004) Department of Food Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7624, USA
(31-JAN-2005) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Human in 1970
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature 25.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Homo sapiens
Cell arrangement Chains
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No