Bartonella quintana str. Toulouse

Names Bartonella quintana str. Toulouse
Accession numbers NC_005955
Background Bartonella quintana has repeatedly emerged throughout history as a cause of infection among distinct and diverse populations across the globe. The bacterium has been identified as the agent in trench fever, a disease responsible for one million deaths during World War 1. A disease of the past, B. quintana has re-emerged as a public health concern after recent outbreaks have infected inner-city homeless people and patients suffering from AIDS. Despite these characteristics, little is known about the pathogen. The gram- negative cell wall associated with the bacterium consists of a multi-layered structure that contains proteins essential to the structure and function of the bacterium. A prominent outer membrane protein has been identified to contribute to cell survival.A defining characteristic of Bartonella quintana is its Gram-negative rod morphology. The Gram-negative cell wall is a multi-layered structure that contains proteins essential to the structure and function of the bacterium. Proteins function as both structural and catalytic components essential to the processes of the cell. A recent study identified a prominent surface binding protein of about 36 kiladaltons. (From (BacMap)
Strain Toulose
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (08-JUN-2004) Dept. of Molecular Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Sweden
(11-SEP-2004) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature 37.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship NA
Host name Homo sapiens
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases Bacillary angiomatosis, Trench fever
Pathogenicity Yes