Vibrio vulnificus YJ016

Names Vibrio vulnificus YJ016
Accession numbers NC_005128, NC_005139, NC_005140
Background Vibrio vulnificus is a lactose-fermenting, halophilic, gram-negative, opportunistic pathogenic bacterium from the same family as those that cause cholera. It normally lives in warm seawater and is part of a group of vibrios that are called "halophilic" because they are salt requiring organisms.This organism causes wound infections, gastroenteritis, or a syndrome known as primary septicemia.Found in warm coastal waters, this bacterium is related to the cholera pathogen and can cause a severe and potentially fatal illness. Infections tend to occur through eating raw or improperly cooked shellfish, particularly oysters. The ingestion of V. vulnificus by healthy individuals can result in gastroenteritis. The "primary septicemia" form of the disease can follow.Wound infections result either from contaminating an open wound with sea water harboring the organism, or by lacerating part of the body on coral, fish, etc., followed by contamination with the organism.Persons who are immunocompromised, especially those with chronic liver disease, are more at risk from Vibrio vulnificus. There is no evidence for person-to-person transmission.(From (BacMap)
Strain YJ016
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (10-SEP-2004) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(29-MAY-2002) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Hospital isolate from Taiwan
Isolation country Taiwan
Number of replicons 3
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature 20.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Aquatic
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Homo sapiens
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Heterotroph
Diseases Gastroenteritis, wound infections, primary septicemia
Pathogenicity Yes