Candidatus Blochmannia floridanus

Names Candidatus Blochmannia floridanus
Accession numbers NC_005061
Background Candidatus Blochmannia floridanus. Candidatus Blochmannia floridanus, like similar endosymbionts, has lost many genes and maintains a minimal set for growth inside the host cell. Genes that have been retained include those for the production of metabolites useful to the host organim such as those for the production of a number of essential amino acids. In exchange for these services, the bacterium receives essential metabolites from the host in order to function. For example, the bacteria produce citrulline which the host uses to produce arginine which the bacteria then catabolizes. Candidatus Blochmannia floridanus also forms reduced sulfate for host cysteine production. Interestingly, similar traits are observed in mitochondria, including the fact that these bacteria appear to be maternally transmitted through oocytes to the ant progeny. (NCBI BioProject: bp_list[1])
Genus:Candidatus Blochmannia
Strain NA
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (10-SEP-2004) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(12-FEB-2003) Apartado Oficial 22085, Valencia, Valencia 46071, Spain
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility NA
Flagellar presence NA
Number of membranes NA
Oxygen requirements NA
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Specialized
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity NA