Anaplasma marginale str. St. Maries

Names Anaplasma marginale str. St. Maries
Accession numbers NC_004842
Background Anaplasma marginale is the most prevalent tick-borne pathogen of cattle. It is transmitted by ixodid ticks. Symptoms of acute disease are anemia, weight loss, and often death. A.marginale establishes life-long persistent infection in animals that survive disease. These animals are clinically healthy but serve as reservoirs for transmission of the pathogen. Sequencing has revealed a small genome size due to reductive evolution, and it is related to several other intracellular pathogens, including those in the genera Ehrlichia, and Rickettsia. The Florida strain was originally isolated from a pool of blood samples collected from cattle in 1955. It is not able to be transmitted by the tick Dermacentor andersoni. It has been passed continuously since isolation. Comparisons between 2 fully sequenced genomes (strains St. Maries and Florida) and 3 unfinished genomes (two tick transmissible strains; Virginia and Puerto Rico, and one D.andersoni non-transmissible strain, Mississippi) showed that A. marginale has a closed-core genome with few highly plastic regions, which include the msp2 and msp3 genes, as well as the aaap locus. This means that few to no new genes are expected to be found when new genomes are sequenced. It has however a medium level of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), having at least 20,028 variable sites found among these five genomes which is approximately 1.67% of the estimated size of the pan-genome. (HAMAP: ANAMF)
Strain St Maries
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (12-OCT-2004) Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, College of Veterinary Medicine,
(17-JUN-2003) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Acutely infected cow from Northern Idaho
Isolation country USA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Cocci
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Symbiotic
Host name Cow, Homo sapiens
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases Bovine anaplasmosis
Pathogenicity No