Salmonella bongori NCTC 12419

Names Salmonella bongori NCTC 12419
Accession numbers NC_015761
Background Salmonella. This group of Enterobactericiae have pathogenic characteristics and are one of the most common causes of enteric infections (food poisoning) worldwide. They were named after the scientist Dr. Daniel Salmon who isolated the first organism, Salmonella choleraesuis, from the intestine of a pig. There are now two Salmonella species, Salmonella bongori and Salmonella enterica. Certain serovars of Salmonella enterica are responsible for more serious diseases such as Typhoid fever.The presence of several pathogenicity islands (PAIs) that encode various virulence factors allows Salmonella spp. to colonize and infect host organisms. There are two important PAIs, Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 and 2 (SPI-1 and SPI-2) that encode two different type III secretion systems for the delivery of effector molecules into the host cell that result in internalization of the bacteria which then leads to systemic spread.Salmonella bongori. Salmonella bongori is the second species of Salmonella after Salmonella enterica and is considered a distant outgroup. This species is reptile-specific, is rarely found in human infections and it lacks SPI-2. (NCBI BioProject: PRJNA35217)
Strain NCTC 12419
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (08-JUL-2011) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(29-JUN-2011) to the INSDC. Pathogen Sequencing Unit, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus,
Sequencing quality Level 5: Non-contiguous Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site NA
Isolation country France
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence NA
Number of membranes NA
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Pairs, Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Chemoorganotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity NA