Desulfobacca acetoxidans DSM 11109

Names Desulfobacca acetoxidans DSM 11109
Accession numbers NC_015388
Background Desulfobacca acetoxidans (strain ATCC 700848 / DSM 11109 / ASRB2) is an anaerobic, mesophilic, sulfate reducer, Gram-negative bacterium isolated from granular sludge of a laboratory-scale upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor fed with acetate (as sole carbon and energy source) and sulfate. The bacterium is oval-shaped, 1.3 x 1.9-2.2 microns.The optimum growth with acetate occurs around 37 degrees Celsius in freshwater medium. Enzyme studies indicates that acetate is oxidized via the carbon monoxide dehydrogenase pathway. Growth is not supported by other organic acids, such as propionate, butyrate or lactate, alcohols such as ethanol or propanol, and hydrogen or formate. Sulfite and thiosulfate are also used as electron acceptors, but sulfur and nitrate are not reduced. Sulfate-reducing bacteria play an important role in the degradation of organic matter in anaerobic bioreactors treating sulfate-rich wastewaters, such as those from paper mills, tanneries or food oil industry. (Adapted from PMID: 10319454). (EBI Integr8)
Strain DSM 11109
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (12-APR-2011) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(30-MAR-2011) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Illumina GAii, 454-GS-FLX-Titanium
Isolation site Anaerobic granular sludge of a pilot-scale UASB reactor (1.7 1) fed with acetate and an excess of sulfate.
Isolation country Netherlands
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape NA
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Fresh water, Sludge
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Pairs
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism Sulfate reducer
Energy source Organoheterotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No