Chlamydophila psittaci 6BC

Names Chlamydophila psittaci 6BC
Accession numbers NC_015217, NC_015470, CP002586
Background Chlamydophila psittaci, the pathogenic agent of psittacosis (parrot disease or ornithosis) is an obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacterium reported to infect a wide range of primarily avian, but also other vertebrate hosts: e.g., cattle, goats, horses, or crocodiles. Transmission from birds to humans occurs, where it presents chiefly as an atypical pneumonia. In 1929, a highly publicized outbreak of psittacosis hit the United States. Although not the first report of psittacosis in the USA, it was the largest up to that time. The aftermath of the outbreak and how it was handled lead to the establishment of the National Institutes of Health.The avian isolate 6BC is the original type strain of the former species Chlamydia psittaci and has been retained as the type strain of the emended species Chlamydophila psittaci. Strain 6BC was isolated originally from a parakeet in California in 1941. The sequenced sample has been passaged in BGMK (Buffalo green monkey kidney) cells on a regular basis (adapted from PMID 21441521 and Wikipedia). (EBI Integr8)
Strain 6BC
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (23-FEB-2011) Cell and Molecular Biology, Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology,
(30-APR-2011) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site isolated originally from a parakeet in California in 1941
Isolation country USA
Number of replicons 3
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements NA
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Symbiotic
Host name Homo sapiens, birds
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity Rarely