Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus ATCC BAA-2069

Names Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus ATCC BAA-2069
Accession numbers NC_015215, NC_015219
Background Streptococcus gallolyticus is a Gram-positive bacterium isolated from various habitats, including feces of many animals and from human clinical sources. S. gallolyticus is part of the rumen flora but also a cause of disease in ruminants as well as in birds (septicemia in pigeons, outbreaks in broiler flocks, or bovine mastitis). Strain ATCC BAA-2069 was isolated from a human blood culture of a patient with infective endocarditis. This bacterium has been named "gallolyticus" as it is able to decarboxylate gallate, an organic acid derived from tannin degradation. S. gallolyticus has the capacity to use a broad range of carbohydrates of plant origin, in particular to degrade polysaccharides derived from the plant cell wall. Its genome encodes a large repertoire of transporters and catalytic activities, like tannase (resistance to tannins), phenolic compounds decarboxylase, and bile salt hydrolase that should contribute to the detoxification of the gut environment. Furthermore, S. gallolyticus synthesizes all 20 amino acids and more vitamins than any other sequenced Streptococcus species. Many of the genes encoding these specific functions were likely acquired by lateral gene transfer from other bacterial species present in the rumen (adapted from PMID: 20139183). (EBI Integr8)
Strain ATCC BAA-2069
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (10-MAR-2011) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(18-FEB-2011) Dreier J., Herz- und Diabeteszentrum NRW, Institut fuer Laboratoriums- und Transfusionsmedizin, Georgstrasse
Sequencing quality Level 2: High-Quality Draft
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method 454-Paired-end
Isolation site Human Heart
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 2
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Cocci
Mobility No
Flagellar presence NA
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Homo sapiens
Cell arrangement Chains, Pairs
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity Yes