Bacteroides salanitronis DSM 18170

Names Bacteroides salanitronis DSM 18170
Accession numbers NC_015164, NC_015165, NC_015166, NC_015168
Background Bacteroides salanitronis (strain DSM 18170 / JCM 13567 / BL78) is a strictly anaerobic, chemoorganotroph, non-spore-forming, non-motile Gram-negative bacterium isolated from the cecum of a healthy chicken. The cells are generally rod-shaped (0.4-0.7 x 0.8-5.6 um) with rounded ends and are usually arranged singly or in pairs. The temperature optimum is 37 degrees Celsius. B. salanitronis is able to ferment glucose, mannose, sucrose, maltose, arabinose, cellobiose, lactose, xylose and raffinose. It does not utilize trehalose, glycerol, mannitol, sorbitol or melezitose; rhamnose and salicin are fermented weakly. Growth is possible in the presence of bile. Major fermentation products from broth (1% peptone, 1% yeast extract, and 1% glucose each (w/v)) are acetic acid and succinic acid, whereas isovaleric acid is produced in small amounts. Although B. salanitronis is non-motile, five genes associated with motility having been found in the genome. Many Bacteroides species are common inhabitants of the intestine where they help to degrade complex molecules such as polysaccharides or transform steroids. They also play a role as beneficent protectors of the gut against pathogenic microorganisms. (Adapted from: ). (EBI Integr8)
Strain DSM 18179
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (17-FEB-2011) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(28-FEB-2011) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method 454-GS-FLX-Titanium, Illumina GAii
Isolation site caecum of chicken
Isolation country Japan
Number of replicons 4
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature 37.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name caecum of healthy chicken
Cell arrangement Pairs, Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Chemoorganotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No