Nitratifractor salsuginis DSM 16511

Names Nitratifractor salsuginis DSM 16511
Accession numbers NC_014935
Background Nitratifractor salsuginis (strain DSM 16511 / JCM 12458 / E9I37-1) is a strictly chemolithoautotrophic, denitrifying Gram-negative bacterium isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney structures at the Iheya North hydrothermal field in the Mid-Okinawa Trough, Japan. Cells have a mean length of 2.5 mm and a width of approximately 0.6 mm. N. salsuginis grows by respiratory nitrate reduction with H2 as electron donor and nitrate as electron acceptor, forming N2 as a metabolic product. Oxygen, at low concentrations, could serve as an alternative electron acceptor for growth. Growth is observed at temperatures between 28 and 40 degrees Celsius with an optimum at 37.6 degrees Celsius, and at pH values between 5.6 and 7.6, with an optimum at pH 7.0. It is able to grow in the presence of between 1.5 and 3.5% (w/v) NaCl, with an optimum at 3.0. (Adapted from PMID: 15774687). (HAMAP: NITSE)
Strain DSM 16511
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (03-JAN-2011) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(20-JAN-2011) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Illumina GAii, 454-GS-FLX-Titanium
Isolation site Deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney at the summits of the sulfide mounds in the sediment-hosted back-arc hydrothermal system Iheya North
Isolation country Japan
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Specialized
Biotic relationship NA
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Chemolithoautotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No