Alicycliphilus denitrificans BC

Names Alicycliphilus denitrificans BC
Accession numbers NC_014908, NC_014910, NC_014911
Background Chlorate contamination of groundwater is a big problem that is often associated with the manufacture and use of explosives and munitions. To clean up chlorate-contaminated areas, some researchers turn to bacteria that can break down these compounds. These microbes can produce oxygen in anaerobic conditions, which can speed up the process of breaking down other compounds that do not degrade quickly in anaerobic environments such as the hydrocarbon benzene. Adding chlorate-reducing bacteria to contaminated, oxygen-poor environments could therefore encourage the growth of other bacteria that need oxygen to break down other compounds found at these sites. Microbes usually need oxygen to break down benzene; in anaerobic environments, the process is very slow. Alicycliphilus denitrificans (strain JCM 14587 / BC) is Gram-negative bacterium which can break down both chlorates and benzene. It produces oxygen while breaking down chlorates, and the oxygen is used to speed up the degradation of benzene in anaerobic conditions. (Adapted from: (EBI Integr8)
Strain BC
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (03-JAN-2011) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B310, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(13-JAN-2011) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method WGS
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 3
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Aquatic
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation NA
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No