Thermococcus barophilus MP

Names Thermococcus barophilus MP
Accession numbers NC_014804, NC_015471
Background Thermococcus barophilus (strain DSM 11836 / MP) is an anaerobic, hyperthermophilic, mixed heterotrophic, and carboxydotrophic euryarchaeon isolated from the deep sea hydrothermal vent Snakepit site on the mid-Atlantic ridge at a depth of 3,550 m. T. barophilus is the first true piezophilic, hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated, having an optimal growth at 40 MPa. It grows from 48 degrees Celsius to 100 degrees Celsius with an optimum at 85 degrees Celsius and within a pressure range of 0.1 to 85 MPa with an optimum of 40 MPa. T. barophilus possesses the carboxydotrophic pathway, which allows it to obtain energy and carbon from the oxidation of CO, and bears seven different hydrogenase complexes. The T. barophilus specific gene set, which bears little homology to proteins in the database, may provide clues to its adaptation to growth under the high-pressure conditions which are typical of the deep biosphere. (Adapted from PMID: 21217005). (HAMAP: THEBM)
Strain MP
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (08-JUL-2008) J. Craig Venter Institute, 9704 Medical Center Dr., Rockville, MD 20850, USA
(17-DEC-2010) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(23-NOV-2010) Laboratoire de Microbiologie des Environnements Extremes, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale,
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Chimney wall, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Snakepit
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 2
Gram staining properties NA
Shape Cocci
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Hyperthermophilic
Habitat Aquatic
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Heterotroph
Diseases None
Pathogenicity No