Halogeometricum borinquense DSM 11551

Names Halogeometricum borinquense DSM 11551
Accession numbers NC_014729, NC_014731, NC_014732, NC_014735, NC_014736, NC_014737
Background Halogeometricum borinquense (strain ATCC 700274 / DSM 11551 / JCM 10706 / PR3) is an aerobic, extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from the solar salterns of Cabo Rojo, Puerto-Rico. The cells are highly pleomorphic (short and long rods, squares, triangles and ovals) and motile by peritrichous flagella. Gas vesicles are present and are responsible for modifying the color of colonies or cell suspensions from red to pink. H. borinquense requires extremely high salt (NaCl) concentrations for growth. It can not only grow aerobically but also anaerobically using nitrate as electron acceptor. At least 8% NaCl (w/v) is required for growth, reflecting the primary characteristic requirement for high salt concentrations of the Halobacteriaceae. The optimal NaCl concentration range is 20-25NaCl (w/v) at 40 degrees Celsius. The temperature range for growth is between 22 and 50 degrees Celsius, with an optimum at 40 degrees Celsius. Nitrate is reduced to nitrite with the production of gas. (Adapted from PMID 21304651). (HAMAP: HALBP)
Strain DSM 11551
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (10-AUG-2009) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(29-NOV-2010) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger, 454
Isolation site Solar salterns of Cabo Rojo Puerto Rico
Isolation country Puerto Rico
Number of replicons 6
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape NA
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature 40.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Specialized
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No