Yersinia pestis KIM 10

Names Yersinia pestis KIM 10
Accession numbers NC_004088, NC_004838
Background Gram-negative straight rods, sometimes approaching a spherical shape. Y.pestis is always nonmotile. It is the causative agent of plague which is primarily a disease of wild rodents. Y.pestis is transmitted among wild rodents by fleas, in which the bacteria multiply and block the esophagus and the pharynx. The fleas regurgitate the bacteria when they take their next blood meal. Bacteria are transmitted subcutaneously to humans by the bite of infected fleas, but also by air, especially during pandemics of disease. Infective flea bites produce the typical bubonic form of plague in humans. Y.pestis is very closely related to the gastrointestinal pathogen Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, and it has been proposed that Y.pestis evolved from Y.pseudotuberculosis 1,500-20,000 years ago. Strain 91001 is avirulent in humans. (EBI Integr8)
Strain KIM 10
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (10-SEP-2004) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(21-FEB-2002) Genetics, University of Wisconsin, 445 Henry Mall, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site NA
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 2
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature 28.0
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Homo sapiens
Cell arrangement Singles
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Heterotroph
Diseases Bubonic plague
Pathogenicity Yes