Micromonospora aurantiaca ATCC 27029

Names Micromonospora aurantiaca ATCC 27029
Accession numbers NC_014391
Background Species of Micromonospora are important for biocontrol and bioremediation. They have incredible metabolic versatility, among which nitrogen fixation has been added to the traits exhibited by these microbes. Micromonospora species exhibit both saphrophytic (living off dead tissues) and potentially symbiotic lifestyles, and they are ubiquitous in the environment. They are found in soils, sediments, aquatic environments--fresh water, salty pools, and marine settings--as well as in the rumen of cattle and the guts of termites. In termite guts, they degrade plant cell walls and fibers, in this way providing carbon to their host. Several investigators have noted that Micromonospora species have lignocellulase activity. Micromonosporas also have a unique way of making spores. The spores are highly resistant to desiccation stress and may retain viability for hundreds of years. Knowing this genome will not only offer tools for studying the different lifestyles exhibited by these organisms, but will also open up opportunities to discover new pathways for biocontrol; for degradation of xenobiotics, plant fibers, and cell walls; and for interesting secondary metabolites. Micromonospora aurantiaca (strain ATCC 27029 / DSM 43813 / JCM 10878 / NBRC 16125 / INA 9442) is a Gram-positive bacterium. (Adapted from: http://genome.jgi-psf.org/micau/micau.home.html). (EBI Integr8)
Strain ATCC 27029
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (05-AUG-2010) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive B310, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(11-AUG-2010) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Illumina, 454
Isolation site Soil
Isolation country Russia
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Sporulating
Metabolism Polyisoprene rubber degrader
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No