Acetohalobium arabaticum DSM 5501

Names Acetohalobium arabaticum DSM 5501
Accession numbers NC_014378
Background Acetohalobium arabaticum (strainA TCC 49924 / DSM 5501 / Z-7288) is an obligate halophile, acetogenic, Gram-positive bacterium isolated from lagoons of the Arabat spit (East Crimea) which separates Sivash lake from the Sea of Azov. It produces acetate by reducing CO2. Growth is completely inhibited by 100 uM/ml streptomycin, benzylpenicillin, bacitracin, erythromycin, gentamycin, kanamycin, vancomycin or tetracyclin. It is an obligately anaerobe tolerating up to 12 mM H2S. Neither O2, S2O3 SO4, nor S0 can serve as electron acceptors. A. arabaticum requires a salt concentration of 10-25% NaCl and the optimum is 15-18% NaCl. The optimal pH is between 7.6 and 8.0. A. arabaticum exhibits three modes of nutrition: It is chemolithoautotrophic using H2 together with CO2 or CO; it is methylotrophic using trimethylamine (TMA); and it is organotrophic using betaine, lactate, pyruvate or histidine. (Adapted from: PMID 21304692). (EBI Integr8)
Strain DSM 5501
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (06-AUG-2010) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(19-JUL-2010) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Illumina GAii, 454-GS-FLX-Titanium, 454-GS-FLX
Isolation site "Lagoons from East Crimea, Arabat spit, USSR"
Isolation country Russia
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Specialized
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism Acetogenic
Energy source Chemolithotroph, Methylotroph, Organotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No