Arcanobacterium haemolyticum DSM 20595

Names Arcanobacterium haemolyticum DSM 20595
Accession numbers NC_014218
Background This bacterium was first described in 1946 from patients suffering from a sore throat, and was originally named Corynebacterium haemolyticum. It is an obligate parasite of the pharynx of human and farm animals, where it can cause a number of throat-related illnesses such as pharyngitis and tonsillitis. It can also cause osteomyelitis (bone or bone marrow inflammation) and sepsis. As it is the type strain, this is probably the original isolate, which was isolated from US soldiers. It is a non-motile, non-sporulating, rod-shaped facultative anaerobe. It grows optimally at 37 degrees Celsius, and being chemoorganotrophic requires rich media for growth. The predominant menaquinone is MK-9(H4), which minor amounts of MK-8(H4). It has a number of other strain designations, including CCM 5947 and LMG 1616 (adapted from PMID 21304742). (EBI Integr8)
Strain DSM 20595
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (02-JUN-2010) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(18-MAY-2010) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site infections amongst American soldiers
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence No
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Symbiotic
Host name Homo sapiens
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source Chemoorganotroph
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity Yes