Bacillus megaterium DSM 319

Names Bacillus megaterium DSM 319
Accession numbers NC_014103
Background Bacillus megaterium is a soil organism that has been studied for its physiology, efficient sporulation and P450 cytochromes. Its name drives from the fact that is is about 100 time larger than E.coli. It found in widely diverse habitats from soil to seawater, sediment, rice paddies, honey, fish, and dried food. It can grow in simple media on more than 62 carbon sources out of 95 tested, including all tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates, formate, and acetate. It does not possess external alkaline proteases, which has made it an ideal industrial organism for more than 50 years. It has been used in the industrial production of many useful products, such as penicillin amidase, vitamin B12, HIV-1 antigens and the viral antibiotic oxetanocin. Strain QM B1551 carries 7 plasmids; a strain cured of all plasmids is very like the parent strain and is a good host for gene expression (adapted from PMID 17657486). (EBI Integr8)
Strain DSM319
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (03-MAY-2010) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
(16-FEB-2010) Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 801 West Baltimore St, Baltimore,
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site "Pioneering Research Division, Quartermaster and Engineering Center, Natick, MA"
Isolation country USA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Positive
Shape Bacilli
Mobility Yes
Flagellar presence NA
Number of membranes 1
Oxygen requirements Aerobic
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat Multiple
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Sporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No