Xenorhabdus bovienii SS-2004

Names Xenorhabdus bovienii SS-2004
Accession numbers NC_013892
Background Xenorhabdus bovienii (strain SS-2004) is an insect pathogenic, facultatively anaerobic, non-spore forming Gram-negative bacterium isolated from the hemolymph of Galleria mellonella infected with Steinernema spp. X. bovienii possesses numerous peritrichous flagella mutualistically associated with the nematode Steinernema spp and is only found inside infected hosts. The symbiotic association is essential for the survival of both nematode and its symbiotic bacteria. Free-living, juvenile Steinernema spp enter insect larvae through the digestive tract. They penetrate the larvae body cavity and release X. bovienii into the hemolymph (blood). The bacteria multiply rapidly, killing the larvae, and providing suitable nutrient conditions for the growth and reproduction of Steinernema spp. The nematode matures and reproduces. The new juveniles reassociate with X. bovienii and are released into the soil. This bacterium has great potential as a biological control agent for noxious insects in cryptic environments. It is therefore anticipated that with the tools and research knowledge presently available a bio-pesticide can be developed. (Adapted from PMID: 15909327). (EBI Integr8)
Strain SS-2004
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (05-FEB-2010) Gaudriault S., Laboratoire EMIP, UMR 1133, INRA, Universite Montpellier2, CC 54, Universite Montpellier 2,
(22-FEB-2010) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method NA
Isolation site Steinernema species
Isolation country NA
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Facultative
Optimal temperature NA
Temperature range Mesophilic
Habitat HostAssociated
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name Steinernema species
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No