Thermanaerovibrio acidaminovorans DSM 6589

Names Thermanaerovibrio acidaminovorans DSM 6589
Accession numbers NC_013522
Background Thermanaerovibrio acidaminovorans (strain ATCC 49978 / DSM 6589 / Su883), formerly Selenomonas acidaminovorans, is a strictly anaerobic, motile, non-spore-forming, thermophilic Gram-negative bacterium isolated from an anaerobic reactor of a sugar refinery in Netherlands. It is of phylogenetic interest because it is the first completed genome sequence from a member of the very isolated novel phylum Synergistetes. T. acidaminovorans is able to ferment quite a number of amino acids and carbohydrates (glutamate, alpha-ketoglutarate, histidine, arginine, ornithine, lysine, and threonine) to acetate and propionate. Its metabolism is greatly enhanced in the presence of the hydrogen scavenger M. thermoautotrophicum, from which several substrates are formed as reduced fermentation product. T. acidaminovorans is able to grow by oxidative decarboxylation of succinate to propionate and lithoheterotrophically with hydrogen as electron donor and elemental sulfur as electron acceptor. Its optimal growth temperature is 55 degrees Celsius. (Adaptated from: (EBI Integr8)
Strain DSM 6589
Complete Yes
Sequencing centre (12-NOV-2009) US DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598-1698, USA
(19-NOV-2009) National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
Sequencing quality Level 6: Finished
Sequencing depth NA
Sequencing method Sanger, 454
Isolation site Upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor of a sugar refinery, Breda, the Netherlands
Isolation country Netherlands
Number of replicons 1
Gram staining properties Negative
Shape Bacilli
Mobility No
Flagellar presence Yes
Number of membranes 2
Oxygen requirements Anaerobic
Optimal temperature 55.0
Temperature range Thermophilic
Habitat Terrestrial
Biotic relationship Free living
Host name NA
Cell arrangement NA
Sporulation Nonsporulating
Metabolism NA
Energy source NA
Diseases NA
Pathogenicity No